A bowed stringed instrument of soprano range. The modern violin has four strings tuned to G3, D4, A4, and E5 and a range of G3 below middle C to E7 two octaves above the treble clef staff. The violin is one of the most popular orchestral instruments, and has been since the Classical era. It is an extremely versatile instrument and is capable of a wide range of expression and intensity. All the descendants of the viola da braccio family ( i.e., the violin, viola, and violoncello) have four strings, and are played with a bow. The back and belly of the instruments are slightly bulged, the soundholes are "f " shaped, they are without frets, the bodies are longer than the necks, and the fingerboards extend down far over the bodies.
Sergei Prokofiev: Violin Concerto No. 2 in G minor, Op. 63, II
Johannes Brahms: Violin Concerto in D major, Op. 77, III
Arcangelo Corelli: Violin sonata in A major, Op. 5, No. 9, "Gigue"
Ludwig van Beethoven: Serenade in D major, Op. 8, I
Maurice Ravel: Tzigane for Violin and Orchestra
Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky: Violin Concerto in D major, Op. 35, I. Allegro moderato
See Also[Abbreviation] Vl.
[German] Geige (f)
[Spanish] violín (m)
Last Updated: 2016-05-04 18:14:42